A Candle and a Book of Magic…

Spring is here, though it doesn’t quite feel that way yet. It has been rather chilly and windy, and the temperatures have not yet reached 70 degrees. There is magic in the air, to be sure, I can hear it in the windchimes outside and I can see it in the trees just beginning to flower. In my meditations with Cerridwen and my studies in Druidry I have heard the call to a simpler life, a mystical path of discovery guided by the divine voice within.


Source: tarot-dude.com

I have recently decided, for a number of reasons, that I much prefer a solitary path with no ties to any group other than the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids. This is acceptable, as druidry does not require group involvement, and many druids (including druid-witches like myself) prefer to practice alone. OBOD has very few gatherings in the U.S., at least where I live. I’m afraid I won’t be able to attend the gathering later this year, as it sold out in a matter of days and it is still months away! I was so looking forward to meeting Kristoffer Hughes and Damh the Bard. Ah well. I’ll know better next time. Until then, I am content to practice alone, though not entirely alone, the Lady Cerridwen and my spirit guides are with me. I don’t see this as being non-committal, quite the contrary, I have already been a member of numerous magical groups and have served as High Priest of three covens. I have taught publicly and privately, and will continue to teach as opportunity arises, however, there are several gifted teachers and practitioners in my area, so I do not expect to be sought out very often. My practice and magical services, for the most part, will remain solitary and private. I feel this is as it should be. Except for what you see on this little website, I don’t advertise my magical services publicly unless something has been scheduled. I am not on this path to make a name for myself or even make a living. I am on this path because it is who I am. I appreciate the opportunities the Universe brings my way, but I do not seek them out. Even though I see myself as somewhat like the man in the Hermit card from the Wizard’s Tarot, blissfully content to spend his evenings wandering a darkened library with a candle in one hand and a book of magic in the other, I don’t intend to be a complete recluse. I will simply be more selective about what events I attend and which local pagan activities I will be involved in. I never felt the need to attend each and every event that comes along. Quite honestly, there were many occasions when I would rather have been in that library, studying magic by candlelight…


Source: bbc.co.uk

My partner Matthew and I have been re-watching Merlin (the BBC TV series), and I really love it. Even though Merlin is the main character, I have grown rather fond of Gaius the Court Physician and Merlin’s mentor. He makes frequent references to “the old religion”, is quite skilled with magic as well, and highly knowledgeable regarding herbs and plants. Much more interesting than the bumbling young Merlin, methinks. We were very sad that it ended after 5 seasons.

In a few days, Beltane shall be here and I will celebrate with a local group. After Beltane, however, I will likely not be present there as regularly as before. At home I will celebrate Beltane in the Druid tradition with the lovely solitary ritual they sent me. I do have a few book-signings coming up, a class here, a lecture there, and tarot readings in between. I am grateful for the opportunities.

The windchimes outside are playing their music again, and it is getting dark. A book on the shelf is waiting to be read, and the candle is almost burned out. I suppose I’d better light another one…

Meditating with the Triple Goddess

The concept of a Triple Goddess figure is not a product of modern Wicca, but has existed for centuries in many pantheons and mythologies. Hecate, Diana, Brighid and Cerridwen and many goddesses from other cultures have 3 aspects. In traditional Witchcraft, these are often recognized as Maiden, Mother and Crone. In my book, Walking a Magic Path, I shared a meditation that I use with my students to help them connect to the Goddess in these three aspects. I share it with you now. Feel free to copy it down and record it in your own voice, or have someone read it to you. When doing this meditation, light one white candle and turn off all other lights. You may to wish to burn some Pine or Cedar incense.


Triple Goddess Meditation

Find a quiet place where you can remain undisturbed for at least half an hour.

Sit down, close your eyes and take several deep breaths until you reach a meditative state.

In your mind’s eye, slowly visualize the numbers 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1.

With eyes remained closed, picture yourself standing on a path that leads into the forest. The sun is beginning to set.

Begin walking down the path, and as you approach the forest you hear the sound of a young woman laughing in the distance. Continue walking along the path, as it winds it’s way through the trees. Take note of any animals or plants you see as follow the path.

The path takes you into a clearing, which you can see just ahead. Make your way to the end of the path, which ends at the base of a stone altar. Look around you. At your left is a pool of water. The surface is completely still. At your right is a large cast-iron cauldron hanging above the ground. It is not lit.

The sun has set, and as you look up to the sky you see the waxing moon.

You gaze at the altar in front of you, and then suddenly hear again the sounds of laughter, and someone running through the forest in your direction.

Just beyond the altar, a young woman appears through a grove of oak trees. She walks to the stone altar, and sits down upon it, facing you. She has auburn hair and she is dressed in white. She has a joyful expression, and you feel a sense of adventure and excitement. She is the Goddess in her Maiden aspect.

Take the next few moments to communicate with the Maiden Goddess. Ask for her counsel and guidance about new projects in your life, your dreams, goals and ambitions. Listen and be aware of any impressions you receive. These may come in the form of images, words, feelings or just an inner knowing. Take as much time as you need.

When you have finished communing with the Maiden Goddess, give thanks for her counsel. You watch as she rises up from the stone altar and disappears again through the trees, running and laughing with joy.

A strong wind begins to blow, and you notice that the sky above is illuminated by a brilliant Full Moon. At your left, you hear the sounds of rippling water. As you gaze at the pool of water on your left, you begin to a see misty figure rising from the surface. It rises into the air, and drifts to the stone altar in front of you. As the mist clears, you see a beautiful woman sitting on the altar. Her long hair is fiery red, and she wears a red dress. She looks at you lovingly, and you feel a sense of protection and maternal love. She is the Goddess in her Mother aspect.

Take the next few moments to commune with the Mother Goddess. Ask for her insight and guidance regarding anything that is troubling you in your life right now. Speak to her about your career, health, and particularly family. Listen and be aware of any impressions you may receive. These may come in the form of images, words, feelings or just an inner knowing. Take as much time as you need.

When you have finished communicating with the Mother Goddess, give thanks for her counsel. She then transforms again into a cloud of mist, and drifts back to the pool of water at your left, and descends into it’s depths.

You become aware that the clearing has grown completely still and silent. The sky is very dark, and above you is a waning moon. You can barely see what is around you. Suddenly, flames ignite beneath the cauldron on your right. A thick cloud of black smoke begins to rise from within the cauldron. This cloud of smoke slowly drifts to the stone altar. As the smoke clears, you see an old woman sitting there. She is dressed in black, and her hair is white. A crow sits on her shoulder. As she looks at you, you sense that she can read your thoughts, and knows your secrets. Her eyes are full of wisdom and knowledge. She is the Goddess in her Crone aspect.

Take the next few moments to communicate with the Crone Goddess. Ask her for wisdom regarding any area of your life. Talk to her about private things you dare not share with others. Ask for her guidance about those things in your life that you keep hidden, the things you keep secret. Listen and be aware of any impressions you may receive. These may come in the form of images, words, feelings or just an inner knowing. Her answers may be stern and unpleasant, yet full of wisdom. Take as much time as you need.

When you have finished communing with the Crone Goddess, give thanks for her counsel. She transforms again into a cloud of black smoke, and drifts back to the cauldron, and the smoke fades away.

You become aware that the sky is getting lighter. You can see the path behind you, and you begin to follow it out of the forest. Looking up to the sky, you see a waxing moon, and as you leave the forest, you can hear the sound of a young woman laughing…

Take the next few moments to ponder your communications with the Maiden, Mother and Crone.

In your mind’s eye, slowly visualize the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.

Gradually bring yourself back to full awareness, and when you feel ready, open your eyes.


When you are finished with this meditation, record your impressions in your Book of Shadows or magical journal.

Cultivating Mystical Awareness

spiritguide1There are many different concepts of mysticism, and people seem to have different ideas about what constitutes a ‘mystical experience’. Mysticism is one of those words that, although it has many definitions, is not so easily defined. It is a multi-layered experience that is unique to the individual who experiences it. Some see it as an experience of unity with the divine, some form of enlightenment, or receiving sudden knowledge. Many link mysticism to religion, spirituality and the sacred. There are mystics in every religion, and mystical, sacred texts abound. Skeptics of mysticism claim that what people think are ‘mystical experiences’ as simply the inner workings of the brain and psychological processes.

I would define mysticism as a heightened awareness of the unseen, which could also involve the presence of deity or a spirit guide, or some transference of information, energy or healing. Psychics, spirit mediums, witches, druids and those who spend many hours in meditation are highly mystical people, as they engage in practices that increase awareness and work closely with deities and spirit guides.

It is my personal belief that the higher powers, whether one acknowledges them as God, Goddess, Great Spirit, Guide or other names will from time to time reveal themselves to us in both tangible and intangible ways. This often results in a heightened awareness of the unseen realms and things happening around us. A mystical person may see, hear, feel and sense things that others around them cannot. Their eyes and ears have been “opened” and they have an increased sensitivity to the astral realms. A mystical person understands that the reasons why things happen are not as simplistic as others try to make it seem. Mystical people tend to live “between the worlds” in a liminal state. Their lives are guided by their inner awareness, by divinity, and not always according to plan.

In my lifetime, I have been privileged to meet some exceptionally gifted mystics. The one who had the most profound effect on me was a woman I knew over 20 years ago. I knew she spent many hours in meditation and quiet contemplation. She was deeply in tune with the unseen realms and lived in union with her deities, completely immersed in her relationship with them. She often had messages for people, messages of spiritual guidance that often contained specific information about them noone else could have known. The messages were not always pleasant. Some recognized her as a gifted seer and prophetess, while others thought she was strange or on drugs. Indeed, there were times when I was at a gathering with her and she would suddenly be “somewhere else”, gazing up at the ceiling or somewhere in the room. She would mention seeing lights around people or the room getting foggy. There were times that I could see it too. She carried so much energy that at times it emanated from her. I remember leaving one of our meetings, and as I walked past her she began laughing very loudly. Suddenly myself and others around me were almost knocked to the ground by what felt like waves of electricity. I knew it had come from her. She was also the person who revealed one of my healing gifts. I was giving her a hug, with my right hand on her lower back. I was startled when she collapsed onto the floor. She told me that she was having pain in her lower back, and that she felt energy come out of my hand and into her back, and healed whatever was causing the pain. I learned that we ourselves are not healers, but merely channels for divine healing energy to flow through. When this happened, I honestly didn’t feel anything at all, but she was incredibly sensitive. One of our teachers back then told us to start asking our deities and guides to “open our eyes” so that we could see more of what was happening in the unseen realms. I think this is good advice for anyone on a magical, mystical path.

For those who feel they may be led down a mystical path, there are ways to help increase your awareness and sensitivity. You must be consistent and make them a regular part of life. If you are reading this, perhaps you do so already.

Meditation: Develop a daily meditation practice, using controlled-breathing exercises and visualizations to bring you into a relaxed state known as Alpha. Early morning meditations are helpful, I find them to be more productive than in the evening when I am tired and sleepy. Include in your meditation times a period of listening. Open your mind to receive divine guidance or psychic information. Keep a journal handy to write things down, as you may receive bits and pieces of information that may not make sense right away.

Nature: Spend time in Nature as often as possible. Go for walks, hiking, gardening, herb gathering, or sit among the trees and absorb the sights and sounds of Nature around you.

Maintain Balance: To live mystically, a certain level of detachment from earthly matters is necessary, but do not live with your head “in the clouds”. It is important to stay grounded while keeping yourself mystically aware. Live ‘between the worlds’.

Listen: If you are a ritual leader/planner, be aware that even though you have planned everything from beginning to end, your deities and guides may choose to lead things in a different direction. Be open to their guidance.

Ask: Ask your divine guides to open your spiritual, mystical eyes and allow you to see the unseen. This may happen gradually, and may be more active at some times than others.

Commune with Deity/Personal Gnosis: Spend time with your Gods, Goddesses, Spirit/Divine guides. Set up an altar for them, communicate with them. Make time for them and they will make time for you. Place photos of them or objects that sacred to them on your altar. Be open to receive information or knowledge directly from your divine guides. This wisdom may be only for you and is not meant to be shared. At other times, you may be guided to give encouragement or share information with someone else.

Mystical people live between the realms of the seen and the unseen. Humility is of utmost importance. Keep your visions private unless you are guided otherwise. This is not about power but your connection to your guides. The more you listen and learn from them, the more you will be given.

Witch Bottles

Witch Bottles, also called Spell Bottles, are an old form of magic that dates back to the 17th Century. The bottles were first made for protection, and were believed to counteract spells, protect against magical attack, or draw in and trap harmful intentions directed toward their owners. Although they were first used predominantly in England, a number of Witch Bottles have been discovered in America as well. The bottles were filled with sharp objects, such as broken glass, rusty nails, thorns, poisonous herbs, pins, needles, knotted threads, bits of bone, sand, magnets, lodestone and other protective items. They often also contained urine or menstrual blood. The bottles were then sealed and buried somewhere on the owner’s property, under the hearth, or under the home where it would absorb harmful energy to be destroyed by the contents inside. As long as the bottle remained sealed and intact, the owner would be protected. Others chose to throw their bottles into the fire. When the bottle exploded, it was believed that any curses cast on the owner had lifted and that the person who intended harm was no longer a threat.

Even though this practice of making Witch Bottles is centuries old, there are many modern Witches and Wizards who still make them today, not only for protection but also for healing and well wishes. Modern Witch Bottles for protection may still contain the same sharp ingredients mentioned above, though not all will choose to add urine or blood. They may also attach a written spell or incantation to the outside of the bottle, and then place it on a windowsill or somewhere in full view.

Witch/Spell Bottles for healing or well-wishes are made in beautifully decorated bottles of various colors, with herbs such as lavender, rose petals or eucalyptus placed inside, along with crystals, glitter, oatmeal, seeds, flower buds or other items to symbolize health, growth and well-being. A few drops of healing oils may be added and written spells for health and happiness are often placed inside the bottle. It is then sealed with a cork, colorful ribbons, pins or wax before it is given to the recipient. Healing Spell Bottles can be placed on a windowsill, a shelf, a bedside table or anywhere the recipient will see it on a daily basis.

I have made and received numerous spell bottles over the years. The magic of Witch/Spell bottles is activated through energy, intention and vibration. The very act of preparing the bottle: gathering the ingredients, choosing the bottle itself, deciding how you will decorate it, focusing on the intended recipient, writing the spell or incantation, how you will seal it…all of this activity infuses the bottle with magic. The bottle acts as a container for the spell, drawing in and attracting the energy it needs to manifest the intention (healing, prosperity, etc) into physical reality. Reiki practitioners can infuse the bottle with Reiki energy, or make a special ‘Reiki Bottle’ for those that need healing.

If I write a spell to be placed inside, at the end I will usually add something like:

If this bottle be broken, the spell is released

If this bottle be stolen, a curse on the thief

Below are pics of bottles I have made. This first one is a glass bottle that I made for protection, containing Mandrake Root and other poisonous herbs, broken glass, dirt and a written protection spell on parchment paper. I attached a metal Gryffindor crest to the outside, to draw on the strength of the Lion. It has been sitting on our livingroom windowsill for over 7 years, and I only removed it briefly to snap this photo. Look how dusty it is!


This one below is another protection bottle that was made for a local high priestess. It contained rusty nails, broken glass, poisonous herbs, thorns and needles, along with a spell for protection. I attached colorful glass pieces and a miniature Wiccan Rede to the outside, and sealed it shut with multi-colored wax.


This bottle below was given to me by the pagan group I celebrate with when my 2-year term as High Priest came to an end. Members of the group placed spells inside the bottle, and it was beautifully decorated by my friend, a very talented and gifted witch.


Your Witch/Spell Bottles do not have to be large ones like these. You can use smaller ones, and many people prefer them. I happen to like the larger ones, so that I can add more ingredients and decorate them better. You can find bottles at craft stores, antique stores or thrift shops. Before you work on them, wash them if possible and magically cleanse them of any previous energy they may have held.

Witch Bottles and Spell Bottles are a fun, creative way to use Old World magic for healing and protection, whether for yourself or for others.


Since I began a formal study of Druidry and immersing myself even deeper into the Celtic mysteries, a number of changes have taken place, both inwardly and outwardly. Priorities have shifted, and my magical worldview has been greatly enhanced. Even my practice has experienced some transformations. All connections to any Gardnerian or Golden Dawn influences that my practice once had have been stripped away. Through the inspired wisdom I have found through Druidry, my magical practice has become much more earthy, more simplified. The energy feels more natural and ancient. It is old magic that pre-dates Gerald Gardner and the Golden Dawn. It is the magic of ancient Celtic gods and goddesses, a return to the magic of Land, Sea and Sky that relies on intuition and instinct and does not require traditional trappings and tools.

The cauldron and wand are now my primary tools. It has been many months since I have used an athame or a chalice. They have become arbitrary and will be passed on to others, along with other items that are no longer relevant to my practice as it has evolved. It is certainly acceptable to use an athame/chalice if one wishes to combine Wicca and Druidry, however, I had always thought of myself as more Witch than Wiccan. Cerridwen is represented on my altar, not in a statue or a chalice, but as three white taper candles that stand behind the cauldron in the center. The three candles represent the three rays of Awen, and acknowledge Cerridwen as Witch, Goddess and Mother. Now that I am learning the druid path as taught by the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids, in addition to the teachings of Kristoffer Hughes, I am re-discovering myself…I am changing. It is a new way of magical living and thinking, re-connecting to the mystical old ways of Celtic paganism. It is a re-awakening. Many things are going to change, and you will see some of those changes reflected on this website.

I have also decided to be more selective about what I post on social media outlets such as Facebook and Twitter. It is time to refrain from such trivialities as photos of what I had for dinner and “Which ‘Frozen’ Character Are You”. Such a waste of time and energy, when I could be sharing things that uplift, enlighten, educate or inspire. Social media is a good tool to help bring awareness to important issues, or stay in touch with friends and loved ones who we may not be in contact with otherwise. Let us use social media to bring light and life to the world rather than focusing on all the darkness and hate. Yes, there are bad things and evil people in the world, and we should be aware of them, but if that is all we put our attention on, is it really helping anything? I think not. Hate only breeds more hate. There are good people in the world as well, doing good for others, let us recognize them too. It seems people tend to focus more on the negativity in the world and ignore the goodness and light around them.

Druidry and Witchcraft overlap in many ways, so what does one call oneself? A druid? A celtic witch? A celtic pagan? I think I could answer to all of these. My formal studies in Druidry and Celtic Magic have only begun a short time ago and I have already learned so much. I love the mysticism, the simplicity, the sense that I have tapped into an ancient current. “Celtic magic changes the magician”, Kristoffer Hughes writes, and I can truly feel it happening. I do not feel like the same person I was only three months ago. I am being transformed, drawn ever closer to the mists of Celtica.

Is é draíochta an creatlach na cruinne. Is sa talamh, an fharraige agus an spéir. Tá sé ar fad thart timpeall orainn agus laistigh dúinn. Dúisigh an draíocht laistigh.

Magic is the fabric of the universe. It is in the earth, the sea and the sky. It is all around us and within us. Awaken the magic within.

Titles, Names and Labels

In many initiatory traditions, magical people are granted new names such as High Priest, High Priestess, Lord/Lady and other similar names. This is nothing new, it is a practice that is centuries old. I see nothing inherently wrong with titles, and it baffles me when people get up-in-arms about them. Perhaps it is because titles imply responsibility and expectations, and people do not want that placed upon them. Even the word “leader” makes some uncomfortable. “Why do we need a leader?”, they ask. They want the luxury of making decisions for the group, with no responsibility attached.

Sometimes leaders have to make difficult choices, such as when members of the group or community engage in harmful behavior. If someone is being deliberately hurtful or malicious toward other members, with no remorse whatosover, they have to go. There really are no two ways about it, and no amount of “discussion” or trying to “work things out” will remedy the situation.

Just because someone is called High Priest or High Priestess, or Lord/Lady So-and-So, it does not necessarily mean they have an ego problem or some neurotic need to be in control. Those who make these sort of complaints typically have issues with authority of any kind and do not like the idea of someone being “in charge”. They usually do not stay around long. Groups are not for everyone. Many find they are much more suited to a solitary practice, with no leaders “telling me what to do”. (See my article Coven Vs. Solitary). The truth is, there has to be someone, or more than one, who is designated to maintain structure and order, and assure that things are done the way they’re supposed to be, or at least in the way that was planned or agreed upon by the group. Groups without leaders will not last long. Likewise, groups who do things in an unorganized, willy-nilly ‘whatever’ sort of way will soon fall apart, or devolve into something no more than what my friend jokingly calls “coffee night”.

There are many who truly want leadership. They want someone they can look to for guidance and advice, leaders who are dedicated to their role and fulfill it to the best of their ability. Not everyone wants to be a leader or have a title, but those who do need to own it and not treat it casually. Lord and Lady have an air of royalty about them, and I happen to like the idea of witches as royalty. Laurie Cabot teaches that all witches are sovereign, that their wisdom and knowledge of the Craft gives them sovereignty.

Here in America, people are not used to being called such things as High Priest, High Priestess, Lord/Lady such-and-such, but in Europe these titles are commonplace and people do not get bent out of shape over them. Let us remind ourselves that many of our traditions and practices come from Europe, and titles happen to be one of them. There are some who do not want to be “called” anything. “I don’t want to be labeled”, they passively say. Perhaps they do not want the responsibility that comes with a label. Saying you’re one thing means you’re not something else, and many want the freedom to be that ‘something else’ as their whims dictate. (See my article Defining Your Path). Titles and labels are often necessary because they help bring clarity and definition to relationships both mundane and magical, particularly in group settings.

For others, the aversion to titles and names is not due to avoidance issues but the fact that they embrace so many different beliefs it is difficult to pinpoint exactly what path they are on. Eclecticism seems to work for some people…or does it…but I find it unfocused, scattered, chaotic. I do not believe that “all paths are one path” or that “all roads lead to center”. They do not. I do not have to respect paths that advocate beheading people, abusing women or committing acts of terrorism. Nor do I have to embrace paths that teach the concept that those who do not follow them are doomed to Hell. All paths are not one path. Sorry, no.

There are also those who do not like the words “Witch”, “Wiccan” or “Pagan” because again, these are ‘labels’. There is nothing wrong whatsoever with self-identifying as a Witch, Wizard, Wiccan, Pagan, Druid or any other magical name if that is how you live your life. If that is what you are, you have every right to refer to yourself as such. Ignore the naysayers. Some criticize what they call “rigid definitions” of words like “Pagan”. We have these words so people understand what they are and what they are not. They can’t mean whatever you want them to mean.

If you have a title, then embrace it, own it and use it proudly!

Magical Holidays: Imbolc

bannerfans_14800182The ancient Celtic fire festival of Imbolc takes place on February 1st or 2nd, and is regarded as the first of three Spring festivals. Although it is not yet officially Spring until March, Imbolc reminds us that Spring is definitely on the way. Imbolc (pronounced Im-Molk or Im-Molg: the ‘b’ is silent) is an Old Irish word that has been translated to mean “in the belly” and refers to the pregnancy of ewes. It is a fertility festival and a time of encouraging new growth to begin. This holiday is sacred to the Celtic Goddess Brighid, also called Brid or Bride. She is a Goddess of healing, poetry, fertility and smithcraft.

Brighid is a triple goddess of fire, water and light, a daughter of the Dagda and one of the Tuatha de Danaan. Celebrations of Imbolc stretch back through the centuries, and often involved the lighting of candles, along with the presence of water and fire. Some magical traditions call Imbolc the “womb of Spring”, as we begin to see the first stirrings of life, displayed by snowdrop flowers growing upwards through the snow, a sign that the end of Winter is not far off. In Witchcraft/Wiccan traditions, Imbolc is the time when the Goddess slumbers below the earth after giving birth to the God, and as his light grows she begins to awaken. Candles are lit to gently awaken the Goddess and encourage her return to the earth, which she does at Spring. Imbolc is a time to begin planning new things, making plans for hopes and dreams.

Goddess_Brigid_Cross_origIn Celtic traditions, a corn dolly and a bowl of milk is placed on the altar, along with several candles in a bowl of water. Poems and stories of Brighid are read aloud, and songs are sung in her honour. It is a time to do magic for healing and creativity. A special bed would be made for the doll, and a ceremony of inviting Brighid into the house would be enacted. In Ireland, Brighid’s Crosses (see photo at right) were made at Imbolc. They were often hung over doors, windows and stables to welcome Brigid and protect the buildings from fire and lightning. The crosses were generally left there until the next Imbolc.

The date of Imbolc is thought to have been significant in Ireland since the Neolithic period. The holiday was a festival of the hearth and home, and a celebration of the lengthening days and the early signs of spring. Celebrations often involved hearthfires, special foods, divination or watching for omens, candles or a bonfire if the weather permitted. Fire and purification were an important part of the festival. The lighting of candles and fires represented the return of warmth and the increasing power of the Sun over the coming months.

The Goddess Brighid has quite a history. As Christianity spread through Europe, many sacred sites were destroyed or built over with churches. Celtic deities were replaced with saints. Worship of the Goddess Brighid was so widespread and ingrained in the Celtic lands that the Christians were not able to suppress it, so they made Brighid into a Saint. Although she was Christianized as St. Brighid, with holy wells dedicated to her, historians believe her to be of pagan origin, a Goddess of pre-Christian times.

To celebrate Imbolc, use a white altar cloth. Decorate your altar with snowdrop flowers, a bowl of water and several lit candles. Sprinkle pine needles, sage and holly leaves on the altar. Recite a poem to Brighid, or sing to her, and ask for her assistance in healing or creative projects.

As I look out my window here in the city, I do not yet see green growth sprouting thru the snow. It is only the beginning of February, and there is more snow on the way. Our private group has an Imbolc celebration planned for this evening, but it is threatened by a possible 6-10 inches of snow. I may end up having a private ceremony at home. However, as much as I loathe snow, I make myself walk through it, enduring the wind chill cold and paying close attention to the sights, sounds and sensations. I still see squirrels running about, a few birds in the trees, and I see the tiniest of buds beginning to form at the end of branches…winter is not yet over, but I see small signs that Spring will soon be here.

The Void-of-Course Moon: A Time to Pause

This astrological factor of the Moon is often ignored by magical practitioners, either because they do not understand what it means or they believe it is not significant enough to really make a difference. However, the Moon when it is Void-of-Course (usually shown in an ephemeris or moon phase guide as v/c) can have an effect, or non-effect, on magical workings and other decisions we make.

When the Moon is Void-of-Course, this indicates that it is between zodiacal signs: it has just exited one sign and is on it’s way to the next. The Moon does not always automatically move from one zodiac sign to the next. Many times it does, but there is often a between-time when the Moon does not occupy either sign. This time period can last anywhere from a matter of minutes, hours, or up to nearly two days.

When preparing to cast a spell or plan life events, and you are working with planetary/astrological energies, it is best not to do anything definate when the Moon is Void-of-Course. Doing so may mean that your spell will not manifest the way you intended, if at all. The planetary/astrological energies you are calling on are simply not there. This is because the planets have an effect on the zodiac signs, and if the Moon is between signs, the energies are scattered. There is the tendency to have unrealistic expectations associated with the decisions, and/or there could be difficulties from unknown factors. During this period actions can produce unexpected results, creative efforts can go into unexpected directions. Wait until the Moon has fully occupied the sign you wish to work with.

The void-of-course period of the Moon is the period of time from the moment the Moon makes the last contact with any planet in the current Sign of the Zodiac, and until it enters the next sign.

This excerpt from the website Lunarium explains it metaphorically:

Each sign is like a chapter in the book of life, and moving through it the Moon is telling a story. When the Moon enters the next sign, it starts a new story. We still remember the old one, but we are not deeply involved into it anymore. Whether we notice it or not, each time the Moon enters the next Sign of the Zodiac, something substantially changes in our life, some context, or the emotional background of events. Most of the time we aren’t aware of this change because the Moon is strongly connected to our subconsciousness, not to our consciousness. It is the subconsciousness who is deeply aware of the change.

So in each of the signs the Moon starts a new story when it enters the sign, but those stories can have different lengths. Some of them continue for almost the whole two-and-a-half-day period, others are much shorter, but always there is a pause in the end of the story. It can be short or long, but it is always there. That pause in the end of the story is the void-of-course period of the Moon.

We don’t know why it happens, this pause. Maybe the story teller gives us the time to think about the content of the story we’ve just heard, or maybe it is a chance to prepare to the next story, because it is going to be very important. We just know that the pause is there…At some point the Moon makes its last contact in the given sign. That’s the end of the story, but the new story won’t start until the Moon enters the next Sign of the Zodiac”.

You can find the Void-of-Course by looking at an ephemeris, moon phase guide or astrology website. Some of you tech-savvy types may have an app on your phone. I happen to like the Llewellyn Moon Sign Book. It is very practical, easy to read, and they publish a new one every year. The Void-of-Course is marked as (v/c) or (VoC). I had some difficulty locating a picture of their chart to show you, however, below is a similar chart displaying the Void-of-Course dates for January 2015.


The Art of Tree Gazing

One of my favorite things to do in the Winter is Tree Gazing. This is the art of divining messages from the trees as their branches sway in the wind, and relies heavily on your intuitive abilities. I do believe that each tree possesses a spirit, and that the spirit of the tree will communicate with anyone who sincerely desires to interact with it. In Winter, this is best done on a cold, windy day, so dress warmly. Take a notebook and pen along if you want to write down your impressions. (Tree Gazing in the Summer is a bit different as the focus is on the leaves. In Winter, the focus is on the branches).

To begin Tree Gazing during the Winter, find a tree that has lost all of it’s leaves. It should be a tree that you feel a strong connection to. Let it call to you. The branches must be completely bare, so do not choose a tree with green growth on it, such as Pine or Evergreen. If you can, place your bare hands on the tree for a few moments, close your eyes, take some deep breaths until you reach a meditative state, and project an intention into the tree for communication. Ask the tree to share it’s wisdom with you. Then, remove your hands and find a spot where you can sit comfortably for at least 30 minutes. If you cannot touch the tree or feel uncomfortable doing so, just project your intention to communicate into the tree. It is best to choose a tree that you can get relatively close to, even if you cannot touch it. You should be able to clearly see the branches and how the entire tree responds to the wind. If the tree is too far away, it will be more difficult to “read”. At a local park that I visit, there are trees quite close to the parking lot, so in the Winter I can sit in my car with the window down when I practice tree gazing. When you have found the tree you wish to communicate with and you are seated comfortably nearby, bring yourself into a meditative state. You can do this by taking several deep breaths, with eyes closed, and visualizing the numbers 1 thru 10. Feel yourself drifting into a deeper state of consciousness. Then, open your eyes and gaze at the branches of the tree. Do not forcibly stare, but allow your gaze to soften. Observe the branches as they move in the wind. Open your mind and heart to feelings, impressions, images. Spend most of your winter tree gazing experience observing the branches, but also glance at the rest of the tree from time to time. Does the tree bend in the wind? Are there animals, plants, flowers or other growth on or near the tree? What is their magickal significance? How do they react to the wind? Wind belongs to the element of Air which rules communication, thought and transference of information. It seems to be an important component of Tree Gazing during any season. Write down all of your impressions in your notebook. In my own experience, I have found that is best to remain passive while Tree Gazing, rather than asking questions and seeking specific answers. The information I receive from Tree Gazing seems to be more about spiritual guidance and personal growth rather than “should I apply for this job” sort of thing. Don’t seek specific answers from the tree, just allow it to impart information into your consciousness. You may experience some strong emotions. Just relax and allow it to happen. If you do not receive information the first time you try Tree Gazing, don’t worry. It may take some practice, but eventually you will begin to intuitively sense the tree’s messages for you. Be sure to keep a notepad and pen handy to write down your impressions.


People of the Oak

As we walk the magick path, there are times when we realize some things no longer work for us, or we find ways to enhance our path and make it even more personal. This has happened to me recently, when I began a formal study of Druidry. I resisted the druid path for so long, and even wrote in one of my books that I could not be a druid, however, the voice of the Oak kept calling and calling until finally I gave in. It’s sort of like one of those moments when your deities and spirit guides are leading you down an unfamiliar path and as much as you try to resist, you just cannot. The differences between Witchcraft and Druidry are minor, and many people are unaware that the founder of modern druidry, Ross Nichols, happened to be great friends with Gerald Gardner, the “father of modern Wicca”. The two studied together and both formed their own spiritual paths which evolved to where they are today. Salem witch Laurie Cabot refers to Druidry as just another branch, or tradition, of Witchcraft. The two paths, though different, have much in common. Witches and Druids believe many of the same things, such as the reverence for Nature and the Ancestors, the powers of crystals, stones, the Sun and the Moon, animal and tree lore, the Goddess, the embracing of sexuality and wisdom and many other concepts. Druidry acknowledges the Awen (poetic inspiration) as illustrated by this symbol below. The three dots at the top are the three sacred drops from Cerridwen’s brew, and the three rays represent Love, Wisdom and Truth, the Triple aspect of Deity, and the points at which the Sun rises on equinoxes and solstices.


I received my first packet of studies from the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids the very next day after the Winter Solstice. It was meant to be a holiday surprise from my partner, (I had mentioned to him that I wanted to join the Order), but the envelope was addressed to me instead of him and did not have a return address. I had no idea who it was from, but I did notice the Airmail postage. I have several friends who live in the UK and I assumed it was from one of them. My partner was none too pleased when I told him I had opened his gift to me a few days earlier than planned. I really had no idea what it was until I opened it. Still, for me, it came at the perfect time. I had just led my last ritual as High Priest with Evening Star Circle, an eclectic pagan group with whom my 2-year commitment ended at Yule. My study materials from OBOD arrived in the mail the day after Yule. To me, it signified the end of one journey and the beginning of another.

Studying with the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids can be expensive, but they do have a number of payment plans and will make arrangements with people in financial hardship. They send out study materials each month, and they are designed to build one upon another. I receive both the printed and audio materials, and there is plenty to keep you busy until the next materials arrive. They say that each packet contains a week’s worth of study, but if you really want to absorb everything I think it is good to study it for the whole month. There are three grades of study: Bard, Ovate and Druid. Everyone begins with the Bardic Grade. Each grade takes about a year to complete, but you can study at your own pace and take longer if you need to. There is reading material, along with CD’s that contain stories, music and spoken text from the pamplets, along with information about Ecological responsibility, tree planting, and the official members-only OBOD magazine Touchstone. There is also practical work to complete, which include meditations and other assignments. I received a Book of Rituals, and some specific information about the druid celebrations of Alban Arthan (Welsh for Winter Solstice) and Imbolc. I love all of this, I cannot express how much. It feels a bit like coming home.

Two of the differences between Druidry and Witchcraft are that 1) Druidry does not place much emphasis on moon phases and such, but tends to focus more on the Sun. 2) Druids do cast a circle but not quite the same way as in traditional Witchcraft.

The blend of Druidry and Witchcraft is referred to as Druidcraft, and Philip-Carr Gomm has written a wonderful book about it. I will continue to call what I do Witchcraft, although it is heavily influenced by Druidry, and I will continue to cast the circle in my usual manner, albeit with Celtic influences. Druidry is not dogmatic, you do not have to follow everything to the letter. You can incorporate those elements and ideas that work best for you.

The word “druid” means “Oak Wise” and comes from the same word meaning “Door” or “Doorway”. From these definitions we can say that Druidry is a “doorway to wisdom” for the “people of the Oak”. The Long Man of Wilmington in Sussex, England is a perfect illustration of this, as he appears to be standing in a doorway, and druid ceremonies are regularly held there.

tumblr_static_tumblr_static__1280My birthdate on the Celtic Tree Calendar places me in the Oak category, and I have always had a strong connection to the Oak tree. I am glad to be called a Witch, a Mystic and one of the People of the Oak.